Aesthetics Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Aristotle was born in 889 BC, in Stagira, near Macedonia at the northern end of the Aegean Sea. His father, Nicomachus, was the family physician of King Amyntas of Macedonia. It is believed that Aristotle s ancestors had been the physicians of the Macedonian royal family for several generations. Having come from a long line of physicians, Aristotle received training and education that inclined his mind toward the study of natural phenomena. This education had long-lasting influences, and was probably the root cause of his less idealistic stand on philosophy as opposed to Plato. Aristotle s father died when he was a boy, and Aristotle was left under the care of his guardian Proxenus. When Aristotle was seventeen, Proxenus sent him to study at Plato s Academy in Athens, the heart of the intellectual world at the time.

Aesthetics in Continental Philosophy Internet

Aristotle remained at the Academy for twenty years, until Plato s death in 897 BC. Although Aristotle was Plato s most promising student, Aristotle did not succeed Plato as head of the Academy because of their opposing views on several fundamental philosophical issues, specifically regarding Plato s theory of ideas. As has already been noted, Aristotle was more concerned than Plato with the actual material world, and did not believe that the only thing that mattered is the realm of ideas and perfect forms. After leaving the Academy, Aristotle was invited to go live in the court of his friend Hermeas, ruler of Atarneus and Assos in Mysia. Aristotle remained there for three years, during which time he married Pythias, the niece and adopted daughter of the king. Later in life Aristotle married Herpyllis, with whom had a son, named Nicomachus after his father.

When Hermeas kingdom was taken over by Persians, Aristotle moved to Mytilene. King Amyntas invited Aristotle to tutor his thirteen-year old son, Alexander. Aristotle tutored Alexander for five years until King Amyntas died and Alexander came to power. In gratitude for Aristotle s services, Alexander provided Aristotle generously with means for the acquisition of books and for the pursuit of scientific inquiry. While the extent to which Aristotle s tutoring influenced Alexander s successes in conquering an empire is disputable, Alexander did try to organize much of his empire along the model of the Greek city-state. In 885 BC Aristotle went back to Athens, where he found the Academy flourishing under Xenocrates.

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Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, and ran it for twelve years. Aristotle would have detailed discussions with a small group of advanced students in the mornings, and larger lectures in the evenings. During his time at the Lyceum, Aristotle wrote extensively on a wide range of subjects: politics, metaphysics, ethics, logic and science. In 878 BC Alexander the Great died unexpectedly and the government of Athens was overthrown by anti-Macedonian forces. Having had close connections with the Macedonian royal family, Aristotle was associated with the Macedonians and was unpopular with the new ruling powers.

The new government brought charges of impiety against Aristotle, but he fled to his country house in Chalcis in Euboea to escape prosecution. Aristotle commented that he fled so that the Athenians might not have another opportunity of sinning against philosophy as they had already done in the person of Socrates. About a year later, Aristotle died after complaints of a stomach illness. Engage in a challenging, imaginative study of contemporary debates in film and literature create and explore your own balance between these two fascinating fields of study. You can study high culture and pop culture, silent cinema and contemporary release you can compare theoretical questions with creative practice, blockbuster with poetry, mainstream with avant-garde. The course explores critical, theoretical, and contextual approaches to film and literature, offering specialisations in global political film, documentary, Shakespeare on film, adaptation and transmediality, post-war and Cold War European and American film, as well as access to a full range of literary modules drawn from our MA programme as a whole.

The course will provide you with a foundation for doctoral research, and transferable skills for related careers in arts and festival management, teaching, publishing and journalism. The MA in Film and Literature asks what is particular to the forms and conventions of film and cinema in juxtaposition to those of literature and the literary text, confronting questions of medium specificity with an exploration of the shared narratives and histories of transmedial exchange. The course examines the lively, symbiotic traffic between written word and cinematic image. You will examine films in their cultural, historical, industrial, technological and aesthetic contexts, and investigate key issues such as: This section of the site began in a small way in July 7555 with a few essays by myself and friends and now, thanks to contributors from all over the world, it has grown into a substantial collection of literary criticism. The essays are arranged in chronological order of their subjects.