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Photo illustration by Slate. Photo by Annie Leibovitz/Vanity Fair/Handout via Reuters, Tyler Tjomsland/The Spokesman-Review via AP. The story of a white woman who fake-tanned and permed her way into a position as a black civil rights activist in Spokane, Washington, was too juicy to ignore. Late last week and over the weekend, Rachel Dolezal became the latest face who launched a thousand think pieces when her parents, who are by all accounts two white people from Montana, told reporters that Dolezal has been posing for years as a black American. In response, many have drawn comparisons between Dolezal and last week s op-ed fodder, Caitlyn Jenner. Some in the queer community have any possible similarities between the two, focusing instead on. But a reasonable person could wonder what the difference really is between someone who is genetically white and feels culturally black, versus another who is genetically, chromosomally male and feels themselves to be female.

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Compare and contrast the works of Hawthorne and Poe eNotes

There are differences and important ones but they re not necessarily as easy, or as obvious, as the queer community would like them to be. Race and gender have a lot in common in our culture. Both are socially constructed categories that often determine how individuals are viewed and treated by others and where each person falls in a rigid and oppressive hierarchy. Both are constructed on top of biological markers that are observable in infancy. Because of this, they both tend to be seen as clearly defined and immutable, in spite of the fact that there are individuals (for example, black Americans light enough to pass as white and people with intersex conditions) who don t fit within the pre-existing categories. Historically, race and gender hierarchies were even more rigidly enforced than they are now, leading to decades of struggle by those on the bottom to gain the rights and privileges they d long been excluded from. In infancy, Dolezal and Jenner were each assigned to a high-status race and gender category, respectively. Both subsequently altered their appearances and sought entry into a different, lower-status category. The discomfort and anger some people who were born or feel toward each of them comes from a similar place to those who never had a choice of whether to grow up being discriminated against and seen as less than, it feels appropriative when a privileged person claims that status in adulthood. There s no procedure that could give Caitlyn Jenner a girlhood of athletic options limited by her gender, and no hairstyle will ever result in Rachel Dolezal s grade school teachers lowering their academic expectations for her based on her skin color. Ulcerative colitis is the most common form of inflammatory bowel disease. Its course is often mild, with few complications, and it can be cured by colectomy.

Our current understanding of its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment is reviewed. Provided by the authors are available with the full text of this article at NEJM. Org. No other potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported. We thank Jean-Paul Achkar, Mary Bronner, Jeffry Katz, Helmut Neumann, Markus Neurath, Julian Panes, Asit Parikh, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Bo Shen, Michael Sivak, Warren Strober, Scott Strong, Gert van Assche, and Severine Vermeire for providing comments on the figures and expert suggestions. To browse Academia. Edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Tough GCSE topics broken down and explained by out team of expert teachersGet your head around tough topics at A-level with our teacher written guidesStart writing remarkable essays with guidance from our expert teacher teamUnderstand the tough topics in IB with our teacher written Study Guides Two authors of Dark Romanticism, both Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allan Poe explore in their writings the mystical and the melancholy aspects of America's Puritan thought.   In their works, they examine the conflict between good and evil, the psychological effects of guilt and sin, and even madness and derangement in the human mind.

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  However, it is in their approach to these aspects that they differ.  Two authors of Dark Romanticism, both Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allan Poe explore in their writings the mystical and the melancholy aspects of America's Puritan thought.  Whereas Hawthorne, as a moralistic and didactic narrator examines the dark regions of the soul--what he called the truth of the human heart --in portraying the innate depravity of human beings with such characters as Roger Chillingworth of Th e Scarlet Letter who spiritually transforms into what he himself calls a fiend,  Poe finds this darkness more in the human psyche. And, to indicate the effects of man's evil, he utilizes the unreliable narrator who often in the end is terrorized by his own realization of the grotesque workings of his mind and the real horror that lies in what humans are capable of.  This is indicated with such narrators as those of A Cask of Amontillado and of  A Tell-Tale Heart who scream out in their horrifying realizations. Both Hawthorne and Poe make use of symbolism to great effect in their works.   Scarlet letters, black veils, poison bushes, haunted houses often represent secret sin for Hawthorne in his works while Poe employs such symbols as vulture eyes, black cats, harlequin costumes, catacombs, decaying mansions, ravens, and coffins as objective correlatives to the minds of his characters.  Hawthorne and Poe both utilize Gothic conventions in their portrayal of the dark side of humanity.   However, Poe often uses these conventions in a subverted manner as only the human beings are the ones who create the terrible deeds as in The Cask of Amontillado while Hawthorne's The House of Seven Gables, is more traditional in its use of Gothic conventions. Walter De Jong shouts over the roar of fans in the greenhouse.

He’s telling me about the seedlings beside him, which pepper the dark soil in a grid of small planting pots. De Jong, a potato breeder and geneticist at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, hopes that at least one of the plants will yield a best seller, but it’s far more likely that they’ll amount to compost. De Jong produced the plants in the same old, laborious way that his father did before him. If the resulting potatoes bear their parents’ finest features—and none of the bad ones—De Jong will bury them in the ground next year and test their mettle against a common potato virus. If they survive—and are good for frying and eating—he and his team will repeat this for 68 years to ensure that problematic genes did not creep in during the initial cross. Each year, the chance of failure is high. Potatoes that resist viruses, for example, often have genes that make them taste bitter. Others turn an unappetizing shade of brown when fried. If anything like that happens, De Jong will have to start from scratch. Tedious as it is, he loves the work. Kicking up dirt in the furrows that cascade along the hillsides of upstate New York, he says, “I’m never stressed in the potato fields. ”De Jong has some serious cred in the agriculture world.

Not only was his father a potato breeder, he’s also descended from a long line of farmers. The potato farmers he works with appreciate this deeply, along with his commitment to the age-old craft of producing new potato varieties through selective breeding. They even advocated on his behalf during his hiring and when he was up for tenure at Cornell, a school with a long history of agriculture research. “All of our farmers like Walter, ” says Melanie Wickham, the executive secretary of the Empire State Growers organization in Stanley, New York. Often, he’s in the fields in a big hat, she says. Other times “you’ll see him in the grocery store, looking over the potatoes. ”De Jong has been working with farmers long enough to know that our food supply is never more than a step ahead of devastating insect infestations and disease. Selective breeders like De Jong work hard to develop resistant crops, but farmers still have to turn to chemical pesticides, some of which are toxic to human health and the environment. De Jong enjoys dabbing pollen from plant-to-plant the old-fashioned way, but he knows that selective breeding can only do so much. Teacher Rate: For some courses, special tuition rates are available for current, certified P-67 teachers and administrators. Please today for more details. Military Rate: For some courses, special tuition rates are available for active duty military members and their spouses.

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