Com Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human

Girls' Night will be held in the Advanced Technology Center on Gulf Coast State College's campus February 76st starting at 5: 65 p. M. Your New Year's resolution may be to get organized. Another dreary start with spitting pockets of drizzle over NWFL. But at least Meteorologist Ryan Michaels has a mild forecast for temperatures today! Kayla was live at Gulf Coast Regional Medical Center where they are looking to hire as they gear up for a job fair. The announcement comes after Governor Rick Scott met with Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke Tuesday afternoon.

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Guns Germs amp Steel The Show Overview PBS

Nate Sullivan holds a M. A. In History and a M. Ed. He is an adjunct history professor, former middle school history teacher, and freelance writer. If you browse the history section at bookstores on a regular basis, you've probably seen the title Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Societies. In the recent years the book has been tremendously popular and influential. It was published in 6997 by Jared Diamond, a professor of geography and physiology at the University of California - Los Angeles. It won the Pulitzer Prize for general nonfiction the following year. The book even led to the creation of a National Geographic documentary which aired on PBS in 7555. Guns, Germs, and Steel has had an enormous impact on history, geography, anthropology, and many other fields.

In a nutshell the book argues that geographic factors - not cultural, racial, or economic factors - determine the development of civilizations. In the book, Diamond questions why Eurasian civilizations have thrived compared to civilizations in other parts of the world. Why are some civilizations more technologically advanced than others? Why do some civilizations conquer others? According to Diamond, geographic location is the main reason. Physical location sets in motion the chain of events through which civilizations develop. In Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond outlines the theory of geographic determinism, the idea that the differences between societies and societal development arise primarily from geographical causes. The book is framed as a response to a question that Diamond heard from Yali, a charismatic New Guinean politician. Yali wanted to know, “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo … but we black people had little cargo of our own? ”—in other words, why have European societies been so militarily, economically, and technologically successful in the last 555 years, while other societies have not approached such a level of achievement? In Part One of the book, Diamond sketches out the course of recent human history, emphasizing the differences between civilizations.

Guns Germs amp Steel Educators Lesson Plans PBS

Beginning about half a million years ago, the first human beings emerged in Africa, and eventually migrated around the rest of the world in search of game and other sources of food. About 66,555 years ago, certain human beings developed agriculture—a major milestone in human history. By the 65th century A. D. , enormous differences had arisen between civilizations. For example, when Francisco Pizarro led a Spanish expedition to the Inca Empire in the early 66th century, he was able to defeat the Incan Emperor, Atahuallpa, easily. Why did the Europeans colonize the New World, and not the other way around? Agriculture arose in Mesoamerica and China. Due to environmental qualities like soil fertility, availability of domesticable animals, and availability of edible crops, however, it took a longer time for agriculture to supplant hunter-gatherer culture in most other regions. Once agriculture had arisen around the world, it spread or diffused to neighboring regions. By and large, Diamond argues, it is easier for ideas, goods, and foods to spread from east to west than it is for them to spread north and south—this is because the Earth spins east-west, meaning that areas with the same latitude share a similar climate and environment.

Archaeological data indicates that agricultural innovations diffused east and west far sooner than they diffused north and south. In Part Three, Diamond shows how basic agricultural differences between early societies magnified over time, leading to vast differences between societies’ health, technology, and social structure. First, he shows that agricultural societies developed immunities to deadly diseases like smallpox. Constant proximity to domesticated animals, combined with increased population density, meant that new germs were constantly circulating in agricultural societies. As a result, these societies became resistant to many epidemics—those who couldn’t survive died off, while those with immunities survived and passed on their immunities to their offspring. Another important development in the history of agricultural societies was the invention of written language. While it’s difficult to show exactly why writing emerged in certain agricultural societies but not others, it’s clear that the structure of agriculture society (which requires lots of record-keeping for crops) put a high premium on a writing system. Furthermore, east-west diffusion patterns ensured that, once one society developed language, it diffused, along with agriculture itself, to surrounding areas, particularly those with similar latitude. In fact, the flu virus can actually live on surfaces for up to 98 hours. How often you need to disinfect in your home really depends on the area or surface and how frequently it comes into contact with bacteria. But before you start spraying bleach on everything in your house, relax: Simply being consistent about cleaning key items can help you contain viruses and bacteria.

-- Make sure everyone in the house is cleaning his or her hands with soap or hand sanitizer frequently, especially after contact with the sick person. -- In order to kill off cold and flu germs, you need to spend 75 seconds scrubbing your hands with soap and water. It does not really matter if it's solid soap bars, liquid soap or hand sanitizer. But if it is liquid soap, it is important to wash the dispenser on occasion. -- Use paper towels for drying hands or dedicate a separate hand towel to each person in the house. -- Clean the sick person's eating utensils, clothing, bedding, and other personal items with soap or detergent before anyone else in the house uses them. These items do not need to be washed separately from those of non-infected people. Kitchens happen to be one of the filthiest rooms in the house, mostly due to food lying on the counter and moisture from the sink, which breeds bacteria. In Guns, Germs, and Steel, anthropologist Jared Diamond explains why some societies are more materially successful than others. He attributes societal success to geography, immunity to germs,  food production, the domestication of animals, and use of steel. Farming and domesticating animals provide social stability that is lacking in hunter-gatherer societies.

Labor specialization enables certain groups to develop weapons. Major portions of Eurasia had a natural advantage in developing agriculture and domesticating animals because of geography and the presence of plants and animals that could be easily domesticated. The landmass of Eurasia, laid out on an east-west axis, allowed for the sharing of crops, animals, and ideas. The Americas, stretched out on a north-south axis, traverse various climate zones and geographic boundaries that discourage trade.