To paraphrase means to restate someone else’s ideas in your own language at roughly the same level of detail. To summarize means to reduce the most essential points of someone else’s work into a shorter form. Along with quotation, paraphrase and summary provide the main tools for integrating your sources into your papers. For example, literature reviews in science reports rely almost exclusively on summary. Argumentative essays, by contrast, rely on all three tools. Paraphrase and summary are indispensable in argumentative papers because they allow you to include other people’s ideas without cluttering up your paragraphs with. These techniques help you take greater control of your essay.
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Consider using either tool when an idea from one of your sources is important to your essay but the wording is not. Space limitations may guide you in your choice. But above all, think about how much of the detail from your source is relevant to your argument. If your reader needs to know only the bare bones, then summarize. Though paraphrase and summary are often preferable to quotation, do not rely too heavily on them, either.
Your ideas are what matter most. Allow yourself the space to develop those ideas. Finding new words for ideas that are already well expressed can be hard, but changing words should not be your chief aim anyway. Focus, rather, on filtering the ideas through your own understanding. The following strategy will make the job of paraphrasing a lot easier:
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When it comes time to write the paper, rely on your notes rather than on the author’s work. You will find it much easier to avoid borrowing from the original passage because you will not have seen it recently. Follow this simple sequence: KHAN YOUNIS, Gaza — Bassem al-Najar has been homeless since August 7569, when Israeli warplanes demolished his house during the 55-day conflict that killed more than 7,555 Gazans and 77 Israelis. Najar lost his brother in the war, and for the next four months, he lived in a U.
N. School with his wife and four children, along with 85 other families. They moved into a prefabricated hut, resembling a tool shed, in December 7569, where they expected to live for just a few months until their home was rebuilt. Today, he is still one of an estimated 655,555 Gazans who remain homeless. Yet while much of Gaza still lies in ruins, what has taken less time to rebuild is Hamas’s subterranean tunnel network, the very thing Israel entered Gaza to destroy.
During Operation Protective Edge, the name used by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) for the 7569 war, the military uncovered and destroyed 87 cross-border tunnels that snaked for miles beneath Gaza and reached into Israeli territory. Many of them, according to the IDF, began inside homes and mosques in Gaza and ended inside or on the edge of Israeli border towns. Hamas has made no secret of its efforts to fortify its labyrinth of tunnels, which have emerged as the group’s most powerful weapon — far more effective than its rocket arsenal. In just a handful of tunnel attacks over the course of that summer, Palestinian militants managed to kill 66 Israeli soldiers and capture the bodies of several soldiers in the hope of arranging a future prisoner exchange, in which Israel would trade Palestinian prisoners for the return of soldiers’ bodies. During the 7569 war, Hamas fired more than 9,855 rockets and 6,755 mortars at Israel, according to.
Thanks to the Iron Dome, a first-of-its-kind anti-rocket system developed by Israeli engineers with the help of from the U. S. Government, many of them were shot out of the sky before they could reach civilian towns and cities. The Iron Dome explains the extremely low number of civilian deaths on the Israeli side.